Tuesday, April 16, 2019

What are the 6 principles of interior design

What are the 6 principles of interior design? The 6 fundamental principles of design which are: 
  1. balance
  2. proximity
  3. alignment
  4. repetition
  5. contrast
  6. space
Principles of good design
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To sum up here is the short answer: The elements and principles of design are the building blocks. The design elements constitute the things that constitute a design. The design principles are what we do to those elements.

What are the elements of design

  1. COLOR: Color reflects light from objects. Color's three main hues are red, green, and blue. In addition color has intensity or what is commonly know as how bright and how dull it is.
  2.  LINE: Which are linear marks made from a pen, brush, or with the help of a straight edge when two forms meet.
  3.  SHAPE: Is a form. It's a geometric (free forming forms or natural forms) or organic self defined area. A positive form creates a negative form automatically.
  4.  DIRECTION: Is considered all lines have a horizontal, vertical or oblique direction. Horizontal offers calmness, stability and peace. Vertical gives a sense of equilibrium, formality and alertness.
  5.  SIZE: Is simply the relationship of the area occupied by one form and the other. Oblique suggests movement and action.
  6. TEXTURE: Is the surface quality of the form is a texture, rough, smooth, hard and soft gloss.

What are the 6 principles of design explained

  1. BALANCE: Is referring to the design balance which is similar to physical equilibrium. By a small form near the edge, a large shape near the center can be balanced. Equilibrium offers stability and design structure. It is the weight of the elements that is distributed in the design.
  2. PROXIMITY: Is the nearness creates a connection between elements. It gives us a focus. Nearness does not imply the need to place elements together, it means that they should in some ways be connected visually.
  3. ALIGNMENT: Allows us to organize order. The alignment of elements allows them to establish a visual link.
  4. REPETITION: Repetition enhances the design by linking each element together. It helps build consistency and association. Repetition can create an organized movement analogous to a rhythm.
  5. CONTRAST: The opposite color of the color wheel, or light versus dark values, and the other direction, like horizontal versus vertical, is the opposite of opposing elements. Contrast enables us to highlight or emphasize key design elements.
  6. SPACE: The final frontier, sorry that's from Start Trek, never mind. Space is the distance or area within or around elements. Space in every design, both positive and negative areas are important factors.
symmetrical balance principles of design
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Traditional interior design has a symmetrical balance, a technique that seeks to reflect one another on both sides of the room. Asymmetry is a deviation from symmetrical balance in which the room has different design and arrangement, but still has the same visual weight.

Radial symmetry of design
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Radial symmetry is an unconventional approach towards the balance principle where the central point is either an arch or a part of the spiral pattern.

Interior design large wall art
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The size relationship between the fixtures and the room should mesh well to achieve the desired design output, such as making the room appear larger and making the room appear smaller.

Repetition in interior design
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Repetition is a classic rhythm principle technique that uses the same aesthetic elements, such as maintaining the fixture or the characteristics and quality of the design. Progression assembles aesthetic elements in an escalating fashion, such as arranging fixtures from the smallest to the largest or arranging the hue of your wallpaper from the lightest to the darkest.

Contrast elements interior design
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Contrast also helps to avoid a monotonous look of your design. Contrasted colors such as black and white or contrasting forms such as circles and squares are among the well-known techniques used in contrast. Modern interior designers are very much into using color contrast, where colors can be somewhat festive and try to add light and relaxing tones.

The main visual attraction of the design should be the key points, while all the other details, like color, scale and balance, serve as the proverbial focus which enhances the focus of the area. Modern interior designers strategically use this principle to emphasize various areas in mansions to create a combined look.

The unity principle affirms the need to align and complement one other in order to create a sustainable harmony of design, balance, scale, rhythm and focus. Unity emphasizes the need to see the design as a whole consisting of a number of aesthetic schemes to achieve uniformity from the colors to the designs.

Basic building blocks of good design

Good interior design
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There are the basic building blocks that form interior design or for that matter artwork. The subtleties and elegance of interior design are to be appreciated and expounded upon pushing these principles to the limits.

You can transform any space to look fabulous when you know the basic principles of interior design. When you go into a well designed room, you know what it feels like. You can feel how cohesive and cohesive everything is. It feels good. In your own home, you can achieve this with a little knowledge of fundamental concepts. Pair this knowledge and experience and you are on the way to a lovely home.

Good interior design

Did you know that a beautifully decorated interior not only works well, it also creates a mood or feeling and shows off the personality of the family that lives there. It is attention to these three important ingredients such as function, mood and personality that ensure successful decoration.

One good idea is to think about your family and how you live before painting and rearranging. Look for inspiration in magazines and draw your ideas or spaces. Gather stuff from around the house that makes you feel good and carefully study it with color clues and perhaps an indication of the mood you want in your house. This is the start of a well-designed, decorated living room.

What's the focus? 

Interior natural focal points
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Sometimes the rooms have natural focal points or the eyes go into a room, like a fireplace, a lagoon or a bookcase, right after entering. You can always create a space with a colorful area rug or a dynamic piece of art if the room has no natural focal point.

For room functions as well as for visual appeal, lighting should be selected. Each task requires direct illumination from a lamp or indirect lights to just shed light on the conversation room or watch the TV. Accent lighting, track lighting or recessed lighting will improve texture, color and details in the room.

Color choices

Interior color choices
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Your color choices, furnishings, texture and designs and your accessories create the mood and feeling in a room. Since there is so much to reflect on when a mood is being created, a theme can be made much more fun and interesting through the selection of an inspirational piece.

Discovering from an inspiration source is by far the easiest way. There is a decorative magazine photo. Choose your piece of inspiration wisely and ensure that when you look it you feel good. This is the basis for choosing your subject, colors, designs, and textures.


Interior room theme
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The theme should always be supported by color. Often, your inspirational piece contains the colors that are best suited to it. In general, three colors in a room can be chosen: the dominant color, used for walls and background tapestries; the secondary color found in fabrics and accessories throughout the room; and the accent color, used in a sparing fashion for the space's energy and excitement.

Too many smooth, shiny or nubby things become tired rustic texture. To keep the room interesting, use the variety. A pattern can also be used as a texture. Many prints appear dimensional and thus add depth to a decorative design.

Photos, vases, pillows and even teapots are all components of a great decorative plan. Teapots? Well yes, them too. They should generally support your theme, but they should give it more flexible; an antique frame could make a contemporary room more versatile. The accessories can be paintings, photographs or pillows, on walls, cabinets, furniture, tabletops, and floors.

Design summary

Art and design elements and principles are the basis of the language of art. The elements of art are the visual instruments used by the artist for composing. Line, form, color, value, form, texture and space are these.

In a painting, the artist decides what art principles he or she wants to use. While an artist could not use all design principles in one piece, the principles are interconnected and the use of one often depends on another. Thus, one art principle can influence another effect and impact.

I would love to read your thoughts. How have you applied these principles? What worked and what didn't? Please comment below. Thanks

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Video Games Added to the Museum of Modern Art

The Museum of Modern Art located in New York City, NY has selected several video games to add to their permanent collection. In additional to traditional wall art, painting, sculpture and photography, games have been selected by the Museum of Modern Art to show design elements for each game.

In November 2012, the first 14 initial games were selected and announced, with plans to expand the collection to 40 games over time, as the museum can acquire the rights to display them. In June 2013, six more games were added to the collection and a game console.

Games are curate by Paola Antonelli. The majority of games in the collection can be played on certain levels and are shown in such a way to minimize nostalgia's influence.

Are Video Games Art?

One of the most popular games on display is of course; you guessed it, Pac-Man.

The exhibition raised controversy, as you might anticipate due to video games are not commonly considered art, according to critics therefore they may not have a place in an art gallery.

But to add a bit of credibility the collection of games are modeled on the 1934 "Machine Art," exhibition by Philip Johnson. In this exhibition, Phillip displays a minimalist fashion of machinery such as propeller blades focusing on its mechanical design.

The exhibition would end up creating a shock, which made people realize how much art really is in design pieces. And according to the exhibit curator this is the desired effect.

It appears that in order to minimize factors like nostalgia, the video games are shown in a minimalist way. They are displayed where only a screen and a control device can be seen on a blank wall.

At least one more video game, namely Katamari Damacy, was previously shown in the design galleries of MoMA (Museum Of Modern Art). The exhibition is part of a movement that includes forms beyond traditional media that the Modern Art Museum began in 2006, starting with digital fonts and then moving to video games.

Pac-Man Added to the Modern Art Museum

MoMA planned the movement of traffic between games carefully. Games such as Pac-Man that are likely to be played heavily and require less time to play are places near entrances and exits. Other games which require more time to play are displayed with a demo version of the game so visitors can beat the game and move on. This way a visitor can get a feel for the game without having to play for hours.

The source code for these games is most valued and is the intellectual property of the developer. MoMA is interested not in the source code but in the game’s hardware and interface. Instead of acquiring the games source code a simulation or emulation is acquired. What MoMA is primarily interested in is showing the interaction.

The collection at MoMA definitely has a heavy bias towards the classic era of arcade machines and 8-bit consoles. In this era a few visionaries laid the foundation for the future of gaming.

These games developed in the 70s and 80s still remain as compelling today as they were when first announced.

The Magnavox Odyssey console of Ralph H. Baer 

Added By Evan-Amos - Own work, Public Domain
Added By Evan-Amos - Own work, Public Domain,

The Magnavox Odyssey console of Ralph H. Baer was added because it was considered both a masterpiece of engineering and industrial design and was of great importance during the industry's birth. Ralph is known as the father of video games. He was a German inventor, game developer and engineer.

Before World War II, Baer's family fled Germany. Baer served the American war effort, after which he became interested in electronics. He worked as an engineer at Sanders Associates, which later was acquired by BAE Systems. After working several jobs in the electronics industry he conceived the idea of playing games on a TV screen in about 1966.

He worked through several prototypes with the support of his employers until he reached a "Brown Box" which became the blueprint for the first home video game console, the Magnavox Odyssey. 

Baer continued to design a number of other consoles and computer game units, including the electronic game “Simon”. Baer continued working in electronics with more than 150 patents in his name until his death in 2014.

Monday, January 14, 2019

Photography by Edward Alexander Presenting Things of History

Photo of Civil War Cannon

Civil War Cannon at Stones River Battlefield
During the American Civil War, Civil War artillery played a major role. It was used against infantry, constructions, and fortresses. Artillery fought alongside the battlefield infantry. This cannon is located at the Stones River National Battlefield, Rutherford County Stones River Park, Tennessee. It commemorates Stones River Battle. This major battle of the American civil war took place on 31 December 1862 and 2 January 1863 and led to a strategic victory for the Union.

Photo of an Old Tree

Barfield Crescent Oak Tree
Barfield Crescent Park takes you back to a time long before the first people settled in the area of the Middle Tennessee region. This location brings us back to the Cretan period about 144 to 65 million years ago in the history of our planet. During the Cretan period, North America began to move northwest of the massive continent of Pangaea and eventually settled in its current position. A massive amount of land in North America, now populated by millions of people, was completely submerged in water 94 million years ago. Once submerged by this prehistoric sea, Texas, Florida, Louisiana, New Mexico and even parts of Middle Tennessee were included. There are wonderful rock formations around you as you walk through Barfield. Made mainly of calcareous stone, a soft rock that is easily weathered by the flow of water, these formations seem to be caves flowing across the forest. However, these formations are not caves but proof of an ancient sea floor that existed once. Imagine them, as you stand next to these open trenches, as the bottom of our modern oceans and the deepest and darkest depths of the trenches.

Photography of  a Train

Old Blue

The Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, completed in January 1854, played a crucial role in shaping the landscapes of the Stones River National Battlefield. The raised path bed was the scene of some of the most important battles in the Stones River Battle. Union cannons massed at the top of the railroad turned the Confederate tide back before reaching the Nashville Pike and the tracks. The railroad served as a vital supply artery for Union forces moving into the deep south after the battle. Years after the war the company played a leading role in the preservation and interpretation of the fighting ground. This one is most likely belonging to CSX Transportation that is no longer being used any more.

Image of a Lion Head 

Lion Head
The Lion head is on the doors of the Parthenon. Parthenon is proud to be the centerpiece of Centennial Park, the first urban park in Nashville. The re-creation of the 42-foot statue Athena, like in ancient Greece, is the focus of the Parthenon. The building and the statue of Athena are replicas of the Athenian originals on a full scale. As you enter rub the Lion's nose for good luck.

Photo of Old Wheels

Wall of Wheels
Wagon wheels at Cannonsburgh Village. Cannonsburgh showcases regional history from the 1830s to the 1930s, with buildings including a schoolhouse and general store.

Is Wall Art Is the Most Important Element In Interior Design?

Wall art is always an afterthought in most home interiors. After the wall has been painted and after the furniture has been placed and artfully arranged artwork finally gets hung on the walls. Well, maybe. Many times purchasing ceramic wall art and designing a homes interior is not even thought about at all. But by leaving wall art to the last item on the list are you missing out on a fantastic design opportunity? Many will answer yes and say wall art matters the most in interior design. When chosen correctly it can be the d├ęcor for the entire room.

However, don't worry if you are a little nervous about giving wall art such an important role in your interior decorating plans. Use this article as a guide to select the right decor that fit your space and thus you will have a harmonious interior Claude Monet would be envious of.

An Instant Color Palette Is Created by Wall Art

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Choosing a color palette can be one of the most daunting aspects of designing your interiors. The varying shades of paint available in your local home improvement store can seem unlimited. It can be difficult to narrow the possibilities into the colors that best suit your vision for space.

The best advice is to leave the paint chips behind and instead focus on wall art. Once you find a painting or a wall that you love, you can use this piece as an inspiration for the eventual color palette of your room.

Your first step is to choose two or three shades of wall art that you want to incorporate into your decor. Choose the dominant color as well as some additional shades that you would like to accentuate. Then look for the colors in the items you use to decorate your room.

A Focal Point Is Created by Wall Art

One of the most fundamental principles of interior design is that each room requires a focus. A single design element that immediately gives the viewer a sense of what to expect. It goes without saying that this position can easily be achieved by a large piece of wall art.

Imagine your favorite artwork in your master suite standing proudly or hanging over a fireplace in your living room. A more traditional dining area can be spiced up easily by a creative wall in a gallery or a few tapestries can make a cozy feeling in a sitting area.

The most important consideration when choosing the piece of wall art as the focus of your space is its size. An art piece that is too small is dwarfed by the furniture around, and a piece that is too large appears to overflow. Make sure the wall space available is measured so you know how much space you have.

Texture Is Added By Hanging Wall Art

Remember, not all wall art is the same. While some pieces may be two- dimensional or similar, you should try to find art in a number of different mediums in order to bring a different sense of texture into space.

You should also consider items such as sculptures or shade boxes that can add depth to the room as well as paintings and printings. If your style favors experimental or unusual ideas, a short mixed media installation with screens and digital art might be considered.

These extra parts of texture can help your interiors add much needed visual weight to determine the tone of the room or how it feels. Consider that rough textures make a space feel more intimate and grounded, while smooth textures give the room a sleeker, more detached tone.

Wall Art Adds the Finishing Touches to a Room

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Think about some of the smaller interiors you've seen. Maybe a college or first apartment. It is odd that these spaces felt a bit rough around the edges and unfinished a little. Odds are they also mainly had white walls.

Wall art is the finishing element that can help to connect and make a space feel complete. This little extra touch can take your space from simply looking functional to appearing like an interior design magazine's pages.

The key is to choose an art piece or another wall that matches the decorative style you have already chosen for your room. After that, it's all about choosing the decor that you love and you'll be happy to see your wall hang on for many years.

When you decorate a new space, Wall Art does not have to be the last piece of the puzzle. Actually, it shouldn't be. Wall art is most important in our minds when it comes to interior design. This is because when properly used, your wall hangings can provide an excellent framework to plan the rest of the room.

Follow the steps outlined in this article on how to select and incorporate wall art properly in your interior and you end in a professional design.